Dr. Ambedkar Govt. Law CollegePuducherry
Affiliated to Pondicherry University
Approved by Bar Council of India

Legal education

French Legal education

Today Legal education

History of Legal Education in Pondicherry.

 

The need for legal education in Pondicherry was felt ass early in the year 1838,and by Arrete, Dated: 15 June 1838, the governor authorized the Procureur Generale to start courses in law relating to the Five Codes, Viz., in Civil Code, Penal code, Commercial code, code of the civil procedure and code of Criminal procedure. The duration of the code was 4 years. The duration of the courses was Four year. The Courses was entirely free and Open to all without any prescribed minimum qualification. The professors were drawn from amongst the judicial officers. College course was in the nature of an evening college. At the end of each term, there was a viva voice examination before a jury of the professors who indicate their opinion on the candidate performance. The candidate who passed successfully the four examinations, received a certificate of proficiency which made them eligible to become member of the BAR or to occupy post in administration of Judicial department for which the degree of “License en Droit” was not required. They were also entitled to perform temporarily certain judicial functions.

  It appears that the course started with much enthusiasm in 1838 did not continue for long it was revived by Arrete, Dated:20th march 1867,with some modification, the most important of which being the extension of the course to two year of study and the addition to the syllabus of local legislation and Hindu Law.

The Law course program was upgraded in a school of Law by arête, Dated 24th February 1876. The Duration of the course was raised to 3 years as in France with an examination at the end if each year. Roman law and administrative Law were added as subjects of study. The examination consisted of written teat in addition to Oral tests. Steps were taken immediately to have the course recognized by the universities in France. The decree, dated 1st July 1880 modified by that 17th may 1891 provided that the students who completed the full course of studies in the School of Law at Pondicherry were entitled to get from any faculty of Law in France the Degree of “License en Droit”, with all the rights and prerogatives attached to such a little on fulfillment of the three conditions below:-

Possession of Degree of Baccalaureate {art or Science}.

Payment of the entire fee prescribed in France for the Degree of “License en Droit”.

Passing a special examination consisting of viva voce test before any faculty of Law in France.

  On account of such facilities given to the students of the School of Law at Pondicherry. It was decided to follow in the School, the same syllabus as in France and accordingly Economics was added as a subject for Study. The Hindu Law continued to be taught as an additional subject.

  The recognized process was completed by the decree dated 14th may 1920 which made it possible for a student to migrate during the course. A student having completed the first year of study in the school of Law was allowed to continue his second year in any faculty of Law in France without any examination. Those who completed two year of study were allowed to take the degree of baccalaureate en droit after a special examination consisting of Oral tests.

 

 

 

 French Legal education

 

The law school was re-organized in the year 1918 by Arrete, dated 8th April 1918. The following measures were taken. The course ceased to be free. It was decided to pay honorarium to the professors. In examinations the system of allocation of marks was introduced. For being declared to have passed the examination, the candidate should get 50% of marks in aggregate. Mohammadan Law was introduced as an additional subject. Students in the outlying settlements and natives of French- Indian residing in indo- China were allowed to get registered in the school of Law and come and sit for the examination. Baccalaureate was prescribed as the minimum qualification for getting registered for the course of License en droit. To allow those who did not possess the baccalaureate to get some education in law, a course of capacite en droit, was created. The course was of 2 years duration with an examination at the end of each year. The minimum qualification of the course was the Brevet Elementaire. The subjects taught were Civil Law, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Public Administrative Law, Hindu law and Colonial legislation.

  Later the arête, dated 4th October 1923 allowed the law officials especially the lawyers having five of experience to be associated in the teaching work. All the preceding provisions relating to the school of Law were recast in a single place of Law with detailed regulations by arête, dated 21st July 1935. This Arrete with some minor modification was in force till the time of the DE FACTO transfer of the territory to the Indian union. At the time, it was decided to close the school of Law at Pondicherry, But the students who had already started there course of study were allowed to complete. Attempts were made immediately thereafter to start a full fledged Law college providing instruction, the pattern, existing in the rest of the country and leading to be B.L. degree. As the minimum qualification for the study of Law was a degree of an Indian University, it was found necessary to open first Arts and Science College in Pondicherry in the Indian Pattern Distinct from the former French traditions. That was soon done, when those institutions started training out graduate in sufficient member, a Law college affiliated to University of Madras was inaugurated on 17th August 1972 on the occasion of the Silver Jubilee of Indian independence.

Today Legal education

 

The institutions in now imparting instructions not only at undergraduate level but in four branches at the post graduate level, i.e.,

Branch-1: Labor and Administrative Law,

Branch-2: Criminal and Torts,

Branch-3: International Law and Constitution Law and Human Right law,

Branch-4: Business Law,

also is proposed to be started soon. The institution is also imparting instruction leading to one Year Post graduate Diploma in French Law. .Finally L.L.B., three year degree was introduced successfully in the year 2007.the institution as started imparting instruction for the five year integrated Law course from the academic year 1983-1984. The institution developed on excellent Law library with more than 40,000 volumes and which subscribed almost all leading and non legal periodicals. Computer has been installed to computerize the library as well for e

ffective administration. The institution is attracting students for all over south India which the setting up of the Pondicherry central university the College is affiliated to the new University from 1986-1987. To copy up with the growing demand for legal education and adopt to the changing pattern of teaching and research in Law. Three LLB. Evening course was started for the academic year 1991-1992, but it was wound up by a directive from bar council of Indian. Full time PhD course was been started from the academic year 1997-1998. Introduction of new Job oriented diploma course in Law, establishment of comparative Law institute and developing exchange programs with some of the universities in French are the plans of the institution to be implemented during the coming academic year. The institution has been making rapid progress in various fields of teaching and research. It is expected that with the renovative content and course curriculum in legal education, the institution would progress further and render significant contribution to society.

  New campus at kalapet with serene background and vast areas of 28 acres has been developed and the institution is functioning at present at the new campus at mathur road, kalapet.

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